this punctuation rule may change
The top piece of bread will tell us where the quote came from and/or how it fits in with what’s already been discussed in the essay. The bottom piece of bread points out what was important about the quote and elaborates on what was being said.
Using Quotations - University College
5. Make the penalties clear. If aninstitutional policy exists,quote it in your syllabus. If you have your own policy, specify thepenaltiesinvolved. For example, "Cheating on a paper will result in an F on thatpaper with no possibility of a makeup. A second act of cheating willresultin an F in the course regardless of the student's gradeotherwise." Ifyou teach at a university where the penalty for plagiarism is dismissalfrom the university or being reported to the Academic Dean or Dean ofStudents,you should make that clear as well. Even the penalties can bepresentedin a positive light. Penalties exist to reassure honeststudentsthat their efforts are respected and valued, so much so that those whowould escape the work by fakery will be punished substantially. Note:There are always a few students who will be caught plagiarizing andthen claim that no one cared or told them. When you point to thesection in your syllabus, they will say, "I thought it was a genericsyllabus so I didn't read it." The better idea, then, is to read theappropriate places from the syllabus to the class at the first meeting.
5. In all the examples above, note how the period or comma punctuation always comes before the final quotation mark. It is important to realize also that when you are using MLA or some other form of documentation, this punctuation rule may change.
Quotation Marks and Direct Quotations : Quotations
For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented inch from the left margin; maintain double-spacing. Only indent the first line of the quotation by an additional quarter inch if you are citing multiple paragraphs. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks. (You should maintain double-spacing throughout your essay.)
Quotation Marks and Direct Quotations
You should never have a quotation standing alone as a complete sentence, or, worse yet, as an incomplete sentence, in your writing. IVCC's explains this concept well with a good analogy that describes quotations as helium balloons. We all know what happens when you let go of a helium balloon: it flies away. In a way, the same thing happens when you present a quotation that is standing all by itself in your writing, a quotation that is not "held down" by one of your own sentences. The quotation will seem disconnected from your own thoughts and from the flow of your sentences. Ways to integrate quotations properly into your own sentences are explained below. Please note the punctuation: it is correct.
No punctuation mark should be used if it is ..
Quotation marks like this help the activist writer a bit, to show that it's not the writer's word, that he or she is just quoting someone else. But we want more than punctuation. Punctuation can disappear, such as when it is read aloud. Too many quote marks can also get a bit annoying, too, because after all shouldn't the above be: