Utilitarianism theory was developed first by Jeremy Bentham.
()Although a retributive sentiment in favor of punishing wrong-doers may also be supposed to contribute to the traditional concept of justice, Mill insisted that the appropriately limited use of external sanctions on utilitarian grounds better accords with a legitimate respect for the general welfare.
He suggests that utilitarianism may be the guide for morality.
Utilitarianism, “the forms of liberty and equality that will produce the greatest happiness depend on the state of the educational, political, economic, and social structure” (Harris).
The character of the mind of an individual, Mill holds, is a functionentirely of the experiences that individual has undergone. In thissense, Mill holds firm to the eighteenth-century empiricists’doctrine of the tabula rasa. In Mill’s hands, however,it becomes transformed into a characteristically nineteenth-centuryclaim that human nature itself is malleable (Mandelbaum 1971: 141ff.).Specific experiences, to be sure, write their lessons on ourminds—but background conditions, which differ from culture toculture, play an equally important role. Such acculturation affectsthe characters, desires, and dispositions of human beings, which varyradically depending on the setting of human beings—a point notedby many of Mill’s romantic contemporaries, and one whichinfluenced the direction of his utilitarianism. Human nature exhibits“astonishingly pliability” (Civilization, XVIII:145).
This paper will critically analyze Utilitarianism
In the following paragraphs we will explore the history of Utilitarianism and those who formed it, how it is meant to guide life, and how it is relevant to life in the Twenty-first Century....
The Greater Good; an Essay on Utilitarianism | Cogito
The Christian Bible holds that it is an act of sin to get permanent markings in one’s body. This is because the Bible states that the body is a temple of the lord (Jung 2013). It is therefore wrong, according to the Bible, for a person to get tattoos. The utilitarian theory gives the general principles of moral judgment in that a person’s sense and instincts informs him of what is right or wrong. A person might have a moral instinct that getting a tattoo is not necessarily wrong and this will prompt the individual to get a tattoo. The theory of utilitarianism holds that right, wrong, truth and falsehood is a question of observation and experience and should be deduced from principles. This may support the idea that getting a tattoo is not wrong.
Essay on Utilitarianism | Bartleby
This is a fundamental challenge, as the Utilitarian philosophy decrees that the pleasure and pain experienced by all individuals, including animals, has equal worth and must be considered when determining the net benefit of an action’s consequences....
Kant or Utilitarianism Essay Examples
A person is aware that a tattoo is a permanent mark that will stay with him until his demise (Blair 2007). This fact means that before a person gets a tattoo, he is ready to live with the consequences that the mark will be there with him until he passes on. The utilitarian theory holds that a person should be ready to accept the consequences of his action, therefore it would be in the support the idea of a person getting a tattoo because the person knows of the consequence i.e. the tattoo will be a permanent mark in his body. There is no proof that getting a tattoo directly or indirectly affects other people. A tattoo will only affect the person who has the tattoo. This fact is in accordance to the theory of utilitarianism because a tattoo is a personal mark that has the potential to bring happiness to a person (Taylor 2008). It is also a fact that a tattoo is a personal message to the person who has it inscribed in his skin.
Ethics: Utilitarianism Essay Example for Free
In his book Utilitarianism he tries to improve on the theories of utilitarianism from previous philosophers, as he is a strong believer himself in the theory.