In Essay on the Principle of Population,Malthus proposes the ..
Malthus was an 18th century English economist and demographer from Wescott, Surrey, who became famous for his theory on population. According to Malthus in An Essay on the Principle of Population, while population typically grows exponentially (2, 4, 8, 16…), food supply only increases arithmetically (2, 4, 6, 8, 10…), therefore creating the conditions for food shortages in the future. He advocated, to avoid this, behaviour leading to a reduction in the birth rate. He was also concerned that population growth would increase the supply of labour and thus drive down wage rates.
Introduction to Thomas Malthus' An Essay on the Principle of ..
Neo-Malthusianism is a school of thought that shares the same basic concerns as Malthus, advocating population control programmes to ensure sufficient resources for present and future generations.
This law provides him with the most generaltheoretical basis for his principle of population and constitutes thebasic argument with which Neo-Malthusian thought addresses itself topopulation problems today.
Thomas malthus essay on the principle of population
A brief biographical sketch precedes a discussion of important methodological features of Malthus’s work, especially his ‘doctrine of proportions’ and the need for moderation and balance in economic principles and policies. His principle of laissez-faire admitted exceptions; and, although his principle of population warned of over-population, he acknowledged the potential advantages of population growth. His ideas on the Poor Laws, the Corn Laws, Say’s Law, and the relation between saving and investment are discussed; and the roles given to effective demand and to distribution as a factor of production, especially the distribution of landed property, are emphasized.