What are good essay topics for the Iliad by Homer? | …
However, certain locations, just as in the Iliad, in Iphigeneia are supported by while others are not.Â Troy, certainly existed, it was a known historic place to both authors.Â So too was the case with Delphi and Argos, both of which are part of Iphigeneia, and the Temple of Artemis.
As with the Homeric errors in the specifics of time, Euripides can be forgiven similar omissions of accuracy as a result of the necessity to form a coherent story.Â Surely, the accuracy of historic reporting when put into the framework of a play based upon mythic metaphor can be given that much.
Greek Mythology > Essays > From the Iliad..
Generally speaking, the Iliad is the oldest piece of western literature that has survived into modern times. It is presumed to date from the eighth century BCE, i.e. 750 BCE, and to have been written by the poet, Homer. Modern translations of the Iliad are taken from the oldest complete manuscripts in existence which date from the tenth century CE but there are papyri from the third century BCE that contain portions of the poem. There has been a long-standing dispute as to whether Homer is the sole author of the Iliad and also as to whether the original format of the poem was written or oral. The vocabulary and poetic consistency of the poem leads most researchers to assume that Homer was, in fact, the sole author of the poem but the debate still goes on. The sheer length of the poem (approximately 15,691 lines) suggests that it was written and not oral but there is no definitive answer to that question either. The poem has been divided into twenty four books, presumably for each letter of the Greek alphabet, but this convention was not necessarily a part of the original format. The name, Iliad, comes from one of the earliest names for Troy, i.e. Ilion. The poem describes the final year of the ten year siege of the city of Troy by the Argives, i.e. the mainland Greeks. The story ends abruptly before the final victory of the Argives over the Trojans and, contrary to popular belief, does not mention the famed Wooden Horse, the murder of the Trojan men or the subjugation of the Trojan women.
The sequel to the Iliad, the Odyssey, is also attributed to Homer and in it we are given further details about the fall of Troy and the Wooden Horse. Whereas the Odyssey can be classified as an adventure story, the Iliad is more of a war chronicle. It tells of the assembly of the armies, the ten years of stalemate fighting and, finally, the intervention of the gods and goddesses to bring the war to a bloody conclusion. The bloodshed and brutality are horrific but we are also given a glimpse into the noble minds and spiritual natures of the warriors who, although they are fighting as pawns of the Olympian Immortals, proudly exercise the logic and mores of their age. Pillaging and slavery were common, accepted practices in the ancient Greek world and the warriors spoke proudly of looting cities and abducting young women. These concepts are appalling to most modern people but, even in this day and age, we still see harsh examples of both barbaric practices. The Greeks and Trojans were proud of their ways of life and found no contradiction in the nobility of freedom and the practicality of keeping slaves. They had no qualms about burning a neighboring city and then becoming morally outraged when their city was threatened with the same fate.