China’s long history in Africa - New African Magazine

Tony Collins is Professor of the Social History of Sport at Leeds Metropolitan University, UK.

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Fully accredited by the Council on Social Work Education, coursework teaches students about the history of social work and the development of social welfare, the impact of diversity and oppression on society, family and group development theories, community organizations, and research methodology. An internship with a social service agency during the senior year supplements classroom learning.

International development and the social sciences: Essays on the history and ..

Free descriptive papers, essays, and research papers

To build the factories, to buy the materials, to pay the labor, to provide the transportation, to equip and feed and house the soldiers, sailors, and marines, and to do all the thousands of things necessary in a war-all cost a lot of money, more money than has ever been spent by any Nation at any time in the long history of the world.

Brian Lockyer History essay - fall of Apartheid 34/04/08 "By 1989, South Africa was descending into chaos.

A historical review and critique of the subject and of major problems and disagreements associated with it, written by Christopher Ejizu. The review suggests that the defensive tone of much writing about African Traditional Religion is directed against outdated studies that no one takes seriously anymore. The main website , maintained by Chidi Denis Isizoh, is a useful guide to further reading.

Among them was Pele a Brazilian soccer player known as the greatest player in the history of the sport.


JSTOR: Viewing Subject: History

It is the thesis of this paper that South Africa is currently on a pathway away from development, growth and democratization and that unless the South African government takes radical steps to reverse some of its existing harmful policies as well as steps to implement meaningful economic, social and political reform, it will become a failed state.

Amount of access 316 Journals in JSTOR Date Range Aboriginal History

Conflict in North Africa
Over the past few months, the world has experienced some of the most brutal civilian rebellions in countries located in northern Africa. Country after another, civilians got into rioting against the current government in an effort to overthrow it. Many of these civilians have eventually succeeded in doing so with presidents resigning and the military taking over while others have had snap elections and others vowing and ensuring that the former presidents do not get back to power. Rebellions and civilian protests of this kind have hit countries such as Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, Nigeria, Libya and Algeria among others all of which are located in the northern part of the continent. An understanding of conflict through the eyes of individuals such as Max Gluckman, emic and etic methods and concepts of culture and society paramount to anthropology are the most important aspects to averting conflict in North Africa.
These cases have attracted a lot of worldwide support from civil society groups and countries all over the world. Humanitarian groups have not been spared in this fracas as they are constantly faced with the task of ensuring civilian casualties are attended to as soon as possible. This is because these riots have not only gone from bad to worse but have turned from just being innocent student protests and small scale businessmen complaining of taxation and corruption from the local councils to fully fledged civil wars where small arms are used excessively. Current presidents therefore do not have an option but to have radio stations shut down and having the military beat up local people as a means to achieve sanity in their countries.
Excesses of governments including dictatorship, corruption, weak political systems and inability of a government to ensure political and economic stability are the major problems that have led to such uprisings in the north. Other issues include the moral, religious and cultural issues that people in these countries face. These issues and others have been at the fore front in ensuring political changes in countries facing these riots all fuelled by the media and influence from other countries that have succeeded in having democracies such as the united states of America and Britain.
Encyclopedia Britannica defines conflict as “the arousal of two or more strong motives that cannot be solved together”. Conflicts may be in the form of opposing entities while on the other hand, it may be as a result of two attractive entities or between two dangerous situations that one may need to address (Conflict, 2011). Max Gluckman talks about conflict in a different manner. He writes about it on a positive note in that he describes it as “an inevitable thing that each society has to go through” (1973). In addition, he describes it as a ground upon which future success of any society is embedded in.
Conflict is associated with competition between social classes caused by economic differences between individuals in a country. Social classes create inequality in power and money that soon affect social relations between human beings. This eventually leads to revolutions and soon a war erupts in order to quell these differences.
Anthropology is a holistic discipline that could be the solution to all the problems ailing North Africa. Anthropology studies man over time and space in several dichotomies i.e. social/cultural aspects, linguistics, archaeology and biological/physical aspects. In assessing the conflict in North Africa one does not fail to realize that conflicts in these places have not began today but have deeply entrenched roots in the social life of people here. Issues ranging from oil production (economic) to Islam – Christianity conflicts (religious), election malpractices and dictatorship (political) have been attributed to these re-emerging (Gluckman Max, 1999). Anthropology studies human societies in both an etic and emic manner analyzing all the dichotomies in society such as economic issues, political issues, religious issues, family and kinship among others.
It emphasizes the role of culture in any societal development initiative. By understanding cultural aspects such as beliefs, attitudes, values and the cognitive mapping of a society, one will realize the causes and means to avert such crisis. Indigenous knowledge, an important tool for anthropological understanding is important in encouraging unity in diversity through understanding alien cultures, learning more about our neighbors’ and what makes us all human. Through cultural analysis therefore, it is able to deconstruct ethnicity in a bid to create societal harmony.
Archeology is an important tool in trying to understand the past. Through archaeology, past injustices can be noticed through excavations of such things as mass graves just like those found in Rwanda. Through this, one is able to get a concrete account of the past, understand it and let it be a tool for future peace and harmony. When one gets to relate to his past, he is able to understand his present and eventually plan for a better future.
Corruption, greed, ethnicity, poor governance, nepotism, favoritism, female subordination and lack of integrity are all social aspects that otherwise could trigger conflict in any society. Ethics is a concern all over the world especially in conflict areas. Culture and communication, important aspects in understanding cultural differences, if truly picked up by leaders, would avert all civil unrest in North Africa. Anthropology gives one a widened understanding of society and skill necessary in the art of consultative decision making, dignity and self worth.

Sophiatown | South African History Online

This seminar cannot hope tocover everything in American social history, but will instead returnagain and again to certain significant themes that continuallyintersect when analyzing the everyday lives of Americans -- land,labor, community, religion, popular culture, and especially race,class, and gender.The seminar will proceed chronologically, but we need to beattuned to the perception that older, traditional (political) ways ofdividing up periods of American history may not be applicable noruseful for the histories of women, Native Americans, AfricanAmericans, immigrant minorities, sexual minorities, nor many otherAmericans.