There are two different types of utilitarianism: act and rule....

Utilitarianism mainly focuses on the possible consequences of a decision....

Act utilitarianism is one of the versions of utilitarianism....

The song starts off with a solemn tune and then moves on by telling the tale of Billy, a feeble young man desperate to prove he was evil; but what ever the case may be his greed over took him and he then decides to roll with the big thugs....

Utilitarianism focuses on the general good of the world over individual pleasure....

Jeremy Bentham is widely regarded as the father of utilitarianism.

I conclude that, with a recalculation of the definition of pleasures, his distinction of higher and lower pleasures can support a broader theory of utilitarianism.

Utilitarianism focuses on maximizing the satisfaction of a company’s constituents.

Moore further criticized the view that pleasure itself wasan intrinsic good, since it failed a kind of isolation test that heproposed for intrinsic value. If one compared an empty universewith a universe of sadists, the empty universe would strike one asbetter. This is true even though there is a good deal ofpleasure, and no pain, in the universe of sadists. This wouldseem to indicate that what is necessary for the good is at least theabsence of bad intentionality. The pleasures of sadists, invirtue of their desires to harm others, get discounted — they arenot good, even though they are pleasures. Note this radicaldeparture from Bentham who held that even malicious pleasure wasintrinsically good, and that if nothing instrumentally bad attached to thepleasure, it was wholly good as well.

Mill gives an account for the reasons one must abide by the principles of Utilitarianism.


Free utilitarianism Essays and Papers

Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832) was influenced both by Hobbes'account of human nature and Hume's account of socialutility. He famously held that humans were ruled by two sovereignmasters — pleasure and pain. We seek pleasure and the avoidanceof pain, they “…govern us in all we do, in all we say, inall we think…” (Bentham PML, 1). Yet he also promulgated theprinciple of utility as the standard of right action on the part ofgovernments and individuals. Actions are approved when theyare such as to promote happiness, or pleasure, and disapproved of whenthey have a tendency to cause unhappiness, or pain (PML). Combinethis criterion of rightness with a view that we should be activelytrying to promote overall happiness, and one has a seriousincompatibility with psychological egoism. Thus, his apparentendorsement of Hobbesian psychological egoism created problems inunderstanding his moral theory since psychological egoism rules outacting to promote the overall well-being when that it is incompatiblewith one's own. For the psychological egoist, that is noteven a possibility. So, given ‘ought implies can’ itwould follow that we are not obligated to act to promote overallwell-being when that is incompatible with our own. This generatesa serious tension in Bentham's thought, one that was drawn to hisattention. He sometimes seemed to think that he could reconcilethe two commitments empirically, that is, by noting that when peopleact to promote the good they are helping themselves, too. Butthis claim only serves to muddy the waters, since the standardunderstanding of psychological egoism — and Bentham's ownstatement of his view — identifies motives of action which areself-interested. Yet this seems, again, in conflict with his ownspecification of the method for making moral decisions which is not tofocus on self-interest — indeed, the addition of extent as aparameter along which to measure pleasure produced distinguishes thisapproach from ethical egoism. Aware of the difficulty, in lateryears he seemed to pull back from a full-fledged commitment topsychological egoism, admitting that people do sometimes actbenevolently — with the overall good of humanity in mind.

Utilitarianism and Consequentialism - The GM Bailout …

This paper will focus on how the World Trade Organization (WTO) acts in a utilitarian manner, producing the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of people and causes the least amount of harm to the fewest people as possible....

Short essay on utilitarianism - Xtreme Hiking

One of the objections to utilitarianism says that it is too high for humanity saying that as humans we cannot always do what's right considering that we have our own interests still, such as the example above, Mill's reply to this says that Utilitarianism does not care about the motive about the person, but rather the consequences of it....