Gang Violence and Crime Essay Sample | Smashing …
These two cases represent a wide array of gang-related crimes. Their activities share many characteristics with organized crime, although the common term of gangs usually relates much more to street groups of young delinquents, whose actions are less sophisticated and are narrower in scope than those of the mafia, for instance. Furthermore, as opposed to other types of violence, gang activities are more common in public places, characterized by extensive use of weaponry, less accurate (and thus often involve victims with no personal acquaintanceships) and involve social abnormalities such as vandalism and a clear pattern of age differences between the delinquents and their victims (Klein & Maxson, 2006).
Gang violence in the US and its impact on schools
With enough repetition, violence simply becomes the customary technique through which to solve problems, whether economic or social. Therefore, gangs become a means of protection and social networking, and a conduit for manhood.
Based on the above, gang violence and crime can be described as a violation of several sources of norms, both in the community level, the public interest for safety (i.e. the law) and even the norms of behavior among other criminals, whose “work” (e.g. protection rackets) may be disturbed by unaffiliated local gangs. All of these, as well as rival gangs, may label the gang activities as unacceptable and those pose a direct threat on the group and its members, in particular whenever local norms and customs are more decisive than the law.
Abortion violence Gang essays ..
First, it will briefly describe several characteristics of gang violence through two recent gang-related cases. Second, it will discuss the conflicts between these cases and generally accepted social norms. Finally, it will indicate the sources that set those norms and thus have the ability to define gang violence as an abnormal social conduct.
Gang violence in prison essays online
To even understand the relationship between freedom and violence it has to be established what it is even meant by the phrase “violence” while simultaneously attempting to understand what means are necessary to achieve this end....
Gang violence in prison essays ..
In South Africa, these subordinate masculinities might be exemplified by males too young or too old to be in gangs, homosexual men, and boys who actively avoid gang membership. Hegemonic masculinity is competitive and, in order for a dominant man to maintain his dominance, he must continually assert it over others. Many South African males struggle with poverty, homelessness, and the inability to fulfil the cultural role of protector. These are all traits associated with subordinate masculinities, which reduces their ability to access hegemonic masculinity, and likely their own sense of self-worth. Emulating aggressive masculinities becomes a way of trying to replace lost masculine norms, providing “men with an alternative role model to regain their lost status and aspiration to the power of hegemonic males.”(13) In line with this, ‘gang masculinity’ as a hegemonic masculinity could in fact be a marginalised masculinity, especially when one considers that gang membership is centred on societal marginalisation. That alternative role model then becomes an example to children growing up in the society, who often join the cycle of violence.
Cause and effect essay on gang violence - ITL g
Hegemonic masculinity is not something that can be permanently proven with a single demonstration of power, nor automatically bestowed through membership in a masculine institution such as the military, a gang, etc. It is viewed not “as a genetic inevitability but rather as an accomplishment, constantly measured and negotiated through processes of performance.”(10) Therefore, hegemonic masculinity is something that is pursued, an ideal which people might hope to achieve through various gendered performances, and it may vary for different groups or situations. The interpretation of masculinity (or gender in general) as a performance, can be traced to Judith Butler’s theory of gender performativity. Within this theory, gender is not something inherent or fixed; it is a set of socially constructed cues that people perform in an ongoing affirmation of their gender identities, which themselves are social fabrications.(11) The more a person performs the cues, the more his or her gender identity is established, and the more the overarching gender stereotypes are perpetuated. Therefore, when gang members commit an act of violence, they perform their masculinity and prove their dominance to their victims and each other, while simultaneously affirming violence and dominance as masculine traits. The traits of hegemonic masculinity shift according to one’s position in society. For instance, businessmen and gang members are not likely to pursue the same masculine ideal, that is, the same hegemonic masculinity. Within the context of gangs, violence becomes a means through which to attempt to realise hegemonic masculinity: