Jean-Jacques Rousseau´s Theories

A little later on there was another philosopher named Jean Jacques Rousseau.
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Un dialogue avec Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

Jean Jacques Rousseau developed the theory of sovereign government and the ‘le volante general’, meaning the general will, in his book The Social Contract.

Erziehung, Selbstbestimmung und Zwang bei Immanuel Kant und Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
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Essay: Rousseau, the General Will, and the Tragedy of …

Oratory, the art of persuasion, was long considered a great literary art. The oratory of the American Indian, for instance, is famous, while in classical Greece, Polymnia was the muse sacred to poetry and oratory. Rome’s great orator Cicero was to have a decisive influence on the development of English prose style. Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address is known to every American schoolchild. Today, however, oratory is more usually thought of as a craft than as an art. Most critics would not admit advertising copywriting, purely commercial fiction, or cinema and television scripts as accepted forms of literary expression, although others would hotly dispute their exclusion. The test in individual cases would seem to be one of enduring satisfaction and, of course, truth. Indeed, it becomes more and more difficult to categorize literature, for in modern civilization words are everywhere. Man is subject to a continuous flood of communication. Most of it is fugitive, but here and there — in high-level journalism, in television, in the cinema, in commercial fiction, in westerns and detective stories, and in plain, expository prose — some writing, almost by accident, achieves an aesthetic satisfaction, a depth and relevance that entitle it to stand with other examples of the art of literature.

(Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 1997) Jean- Jacques Rousseau was born on the 25th of June 1712 in Geneva, Switzerland....
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This clear distinction can be seen when comparing the works of enlightenment thinker Jean-Jacques Rousseau to authors of the 19th century, including utilitarian John Stuart Mill and communist Karl Marx.

For a developed society, civil religion motivates people to maintain the habit of obedience because they grow to understand and love the law....
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Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Wikipedia

He played a great role in exploring the notion of duty to the state by providing the public with his argument in the social contract,which was frequently quoted and referred to during the early stages of the Revolution....

Free Jean Rousseau Essays and Papers - 123helpme

In contemporary political philosophy, it is clear that the thinkingof John Rawls, especially in A Theory of Justice reflects theinfluence of Rousseau. A good example of this is the way in which Rawlsuses the device of the “original position” to put self-interestedchoice at the service of the determination of the principles ofjustice. This exactly parallels Rousseau’s argument that citizens willbe drawn to select just laws as if from an impartial perspective,because the universality and generality of the law means that whenconsidering their own interests they will select the measure that bestreflects their own interests.

Free Jean Rousseau papers, essays, and research papers.

His concepts of the general will to decide law and the intrinsic sovereignty of the people, as well as Smith's stress that government need not play a large role in order for the nation to thrive, also lie at the essence of the Declaration.

Brief essay on 'General Will' as expounded by Rousseau

Its oath entices Americans to believe that "good government is based on the individual and that each person's ability, dignity, freedom and responsibility must be honored and recognized" In this essay, I will examine the Republican's main philosophies and will describe how Rousseau would agree or disagree with their position....

Rousseau's General Will Essay Example | Topics and …

The final full chapter of The Social Contract expoundsRousseau’s doctrine of civil religion. Contemporary readers werescandalized by it, and particularly by its claim that true (originalor early) Christianity is useless in fostering the spirit ofpatriotism and social solidarity necessary for a flourishing state. Inmany ways the chapter represents a striking departure from the mainthemes of the book. First, it is the only occasion where Rousseauprescribes the content of a law that a just republic musthave. Second, it amounts to his acceptance of the inevitability ofpluralism in matters of religion, and thus of religious toleration;this is in some tension with his encouragement elsewhere of culturalhomogeneity as a propitious environment for the emergence of a generalwill. Third, it represents a very concrete example of the limits ofsovereign power: following Locke, Rousseau insists upon the inabilityof the sovereign to examine the private beliefs of citizens. Thetenets of Rousseau’s civil religion include the affirmation of theexistence of a supreme being and of the afterlife, the principle thatthe just will prosper and the wicked will be punished, and the claimthat the social contract and the laws are sacred. In addition, thecivil religion requires the provision that all those willing totolerate others should themselves be tolerated, but those who insistthat there is no salvation outside their particular church cannot becitizens of the state. The structure of religious beliefs within thejust state is that of an overlapping consensus: the dogmas of thecivil religion are such that they can be affirmed by adherents of anumber of different faiths, both Christian and non-Christian.