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Judaism in Music and Other Essays by Richard Wagner …

Wagner's second source of inspiration was the poet-writer , the wife of the silk merchant Otto Wesendonck. Wagner met the Wesendoncks in Zürich in 1852. Otto, a fan of Wagner's music, placed a cottage on his estate at Wagner's disposal. By 1857, Wagner had become infatuated with Mathilde.

Richard Wagner Biography - 8notes ..

Wagner's involvement in left-wing politics abruptly ended his welcome in Dresden. Wagner was active among socialist German nationalists there, regularly receiving such guests as the conductor and radical editor August Röckel and the Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin. He was also influenced by the ideas of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and Ludwig Feuerbach. Widespread discontent came to a head in 1849, when the unsuccessful May Uprising in Dresden broke out, in which Wagner played a minor supporting role. Warrants were issued for the revolutionaries' arrest. Wagner had to flee, first visiting Paris and then settling in Zürich.

By 1839, the couple had amassed such large debts that they fled Riga to avoid their creditors; debt would plague Wagner for most of his life. Initially they took a stormy sea passage to London, from which Wagner drew the inspiration for Der fliegende Holländer (The Flying Dutchman), with a plot based on a sketch by Heinrich Heine. The Wagners arrived in Paris in September 1839 and stayed there until 1842. Richard made a scant living writing articles and arranging operas by other composers, largely on behalf of the Schlesinger publishing house. He also completed during this stay his third and fourth operas Rienzi and Der fliegende Holländer.

Judaism in Music and Other Essays.

The Wagners' stay at Dresden was brought to an end by Richard's involvement in . A movement was gaining force in the independent , calling for constitutional freedoms and the unification of the weak princely states into a single nation. Richard Wagner played an enthusiastic role in this movement, receiving guests at his house who included his colleague August Röckel, who was editing the radical left-wing paper Volksblätter, and the Russian .

Judaism in Music And Other Essays.

Hitler often visited Wagner's heirs at Villa Wahnfried (Wagner's home) in Bayreuth during his war years and rise to power. Bayreuth became a respite and Wagnerian shrine for him and other Nazi leaders. Wagner's family made a cult out of Hitler and considered him to be Germany's savior. Hitler played with Wagner's grandchildren, of whom Wieland and Wolfgang later headed the Bayreuth Festival, and told them stories of his adventures. When he visited on September 30, 1923, Wagner's 86 year old widow Cosima embraced and kissed him. At the same meeting he was warmly welcomed by Wagner's son, Siegfried, his wife Winifred, and son-in-law, the racial theorist, Houston Stewart Chamberlain, who called Hitler "God's gift to Germany". Chamberlain forms one of theliving links between Richard Wagner and Adolf Hitler. He was friends withand revered them both. His racial theory of the destiny of superior Aryansto rule inferior races, as expressed in his (1899), was embraced by both the composer, Cosima, and otherWagner heirs. Hitler found the approval of the Wagner family and Chamberlainto be a rally for his political goals. Chamberlain immediately wrote to Hitler:

Biography and history of Richard Wagner, ..

Ludwig installed Wagner at the villa , beside Switzerland's . Die Meistersinger was completed at Tribschen in 1867, and premièred in Munich on 21 June the following year. In October, Cosima finally convinced Hans von Bülow to grant her a divorce, but not before having two more children with Wagner, another daughter, named Eva, after the heroine of Meistersinger and a son , named for the hero of the Ring. Minna Wagner had died the previous year and so Richard and Cosima were now able to marry. The wedding took place on 25 August 1870. On Christmas Day of that year, Wagner presented the for Cosima's birthday. The marriage to Cosima lasted to the end of Wagner's life.

Richard Wagner - New World Encyclopedia

In 1871, he decided on the small town of as the location of his new opera house. The Wagners moved there the following year, and the foundation stone for the ("Festival Theatre") was laid. In order to raise funds for the construction, "" were formed in several cities, and Wagner himself began touring Germany conducting concerts. However, sufficient funds were raised only after King Ludwig stepped in with another large grant in 1874. Later that year, the Wagners moved into their permanent home at Bayreuth, a villa that Richard dubbed ("Peace/freedom from delusion/madness", in German).