Ch.2.An in-text reference for the above example would read:

Example of program obtained from a website (including optional date of access):

Available at: An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

The most recent being BS ISO 690:2010 Information and documentation - guidelines for bibliographic references and citations to information resources and Harvard style conventions currently being followed in UK Universities.
If you wish to re-use the Guide you may do so under the terms of the as long as your use is restricted to non-commercial purposes and the source is acknowledged.

An in-text reference for the above example would read:

An in-text reference for the above examples would read:


When using subject specific or non-generic dictionaries, the author/editor can be used as author, and the referencing guidelines for a book can be followed.

An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

These can be accessed on the University website under the section for the Academic Office.

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Additional help
We have also produced a (.pdf) which covers the basics of Harvard Referencing.

An in-text reference for the above examples would read:


3 Ways to Reference Essays - wikiHow



According to Cormack (1994, pp.32-33), writers should be encouraged to reference published research when addressing professional readership.
An indirect reference

Jul 18, 2017 · How to Reference Essays

Different types of publication require different amounts of information but there are certain common elements such as authorship, year of publication and title, which should be included.

The Harvard style lays down standards for the order and content of information in the reference.

Referencing the Essay | UNSW Current Students

This view has been supported by Cormack (1994).
However, where you are mentioning a particular part of the work, and making direct or indirect reference to this, a page reference should be included:

Referencing Essay - 1452 Words - StudyMode

London: Palgrave Macmillian.
An in-text reference for the above example would read:


For classical works which have been abridged or introduced by a noted writer.

Essay references - Monash University

London: Faber and Faber.

An in-text reference for the above example would read:


With a recommendation to mention Darwin and the original date in the text, but including Leakey as the in-text citation.

which uses the Harvard referencing format

Available through: Anglia Ruskin University Library website
For an open access e-book freely available over the internet such as through Google books

The required elements for a reference are:

Author, Initials., Year.