Emerson's Wife. A novel by Amy Belding Brown.
A week after the epoch-making address to the Divinity School, Emerson gave another address, called "Literary Ethics," at Dartmouth, which, as Porte has noted, is undeservedly neglected. As the Cambridge address called for "a religion by revelation to us," so the Dartmouth address calls for a literature adequate to America. So far, says Emerson, "this country has not fulfilled what seemed the reasonable expectation of mankind." In painting, sculpture, poetry, and fiction, American authors had evolved only "a certain grace without grandeur," in work that was "itself not new but derivative."
Ralph Waldo Emerson - Wikipedia
Emerson went to Boston Public Latin School when he was nine, and to Harvard College when he was fourteen. After college, he tried teaching, then attended divinity school at Harvard. In 1829 he was ordained minister of Boston's Second Church. That same year he married Ellen Tucker. It was very much a love match, and Emerson was deeply shaken by her death only a year and a half later on 8 February 1831. At the same time, he was becoming increasingly reluctant to remain as minister to his church. In October 1832 he resigned, the immediate reason being that he felt he could no longer officiate at a ceremony (communion) that had become meaningless to him. With his wife dead and his career broken off, Emerson now sold his house and furniture and set out for Europe. He spent nine months abroad, almost six of them in Italy, working from Sicily to Naples to Rome, Florence, Venice, then on to Switzerland and Paris. In Paris, at the Jardin des Plantes, he experienced the full power and appeal of the new botanical and zoological sciences, and he now turned decisively from theology to science, vowing to become a naturalist. Going on to England and Scotland, he met , , and, particularly, Thomas Carlyle, who became a lifelong friend and correspondent.
He stayed forsome time in England and Scotland, where he made the acquaintanceof such British literary notables as Samuel Taylor Coleridge,Thomas Carlyle, William Wordsworth and John Stuart Mill.
Emerson arrived back in New York in October 1833 and a yearlater settled with his mother in Concord, Massachusetts andbecame active as a lecturer in Boston.
Ralph Waldo Emerson Biography - Brandeis University
He, Bronson Alcott, and George Ripley decided to begin a magazine, , with Margaret Fuller editing, in 1840; Emerson would edit the final two years, ending in 1844, and he wrote for many issues.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
His (first series) were published in 1841. Meanwhile, tragedy struck with the sudden death of his five-year old son Waldo in 1842, soon after the death of John Thoreau from lockjaw, and a darker, tougher strain appears in Emerson's writing, beginning with his memorializing poem, But Emerson pulled himself together to give a series of lectures in New York and in 1844 he had a prepared.
Short Summary of “Nature” by Ralph Waldo Emerson
Returning home in October 1833, Emerson immediately embraced a new career, that of public lecturer. One month after disembarking, he was invited by the Boston Natural History Society to deliver the first of his four lectures on science. That winter he lectured in Concord and Bedford on his Italian trip, and, beginning in January 1835, at Boston's Masonic Temple, he delivered his first open public lecture series, six lectures on "Biography." The fourth lecture in the series, that on , was his first important statement about literature. The lecture was published, posthumously, in (1893), but the other five lectures in the "Biography" series of 1835, like the ten lectures he gave on "English Literature" later that same year, the twelve lectures on "The Philosophy of History" in 1836-1837, and the ten on "Human Culture" of 1837-1838, were only published beginning in 1959 as . Many of the ideas and phrases were incorporated by Emerson in subsequent lectures and books, which is why he did not publish them. But the early lectures show vividly the development of Emerson's characteristic views about literature.
Ralph Waldo Emerson biography - Transcendentalism
Despite ill health which necessitated a period of recuperation inSouth Carolina and Florida Emerson became established as anoccasional preacher of sermons in churches in the Boston area.