Philosophical Essays by Bertrand Russell - Read Online
Russell’s contributions to metaphysics and epistemology are alsounified by his views concerning the centrality of both scientificknowledge and the importance of there being an underlying methodologycommon to both philosophy and science. In the case of philosophy, thismethodology expresses itself through Russell’s use of logical analysis(Hager 1994, Irvine 2004). In fact, Russell often claims that he hasmore confidence in his methodology than in any particularphilosophical conclusion.
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With the outbreak of World War I, Russell became involved in anti-waractivities and in 1916 he was fined 100 pounds for authoring ananti-war pamphlet. Because of his conviction, he was dismissed fromhis post at Trinity College, Cambridge (Hardy 1942). Two years later,he was convicted a second time, this time for suggesting that Americantroops might be used to intimidate strikers in Britain (Clark 1975,337–339). The result was five months in Brixton Prison as prisonerNo. 2917 (Clark 1975). In 1922 and 1923 Russell ran twice more forParliament, again unsuccessfully, and together with his second wife,Dora, he founded an experimental school that they operated during thelate 1920s and early 1930s (Russell 1926 and Park 1963). Perhaps notsurprisingly, some of Russell’s more radical activities –including his advocacy of post-Victorian sexual practices – werelinked in many people’s minds to his atheism, made famous in part byhis 1948 BBC debate with the Jesuit philosopher Frederick Coplestonover the existence of God.
Although Russell became the third Earl Russell upon the death of hisbrother in 1931, Russell’s radicalism continued to make him acontroversial figure well through middle-age. While teaching at UCLAin the United States in the late 1930s, he was offered a teachingappointment at City College, New York. The appointment was revokedfollowing a series of protests and a 1940 judicial decision whichfound him morally unfit to teach at the College (Dewey and Kallen1941, Irvine 1996, Weidlich 2000). The legal decision had been based partlyon Russell’s atheism and partly on his fame as an advocate of freelove and open marriages.
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For a chronology of Russell’s major publications, readers areencouraged to consult the section of the Bibliography below. For a complete, descriptivebibliography, see A Bibliography of Bertrand Russell (3vols, 1994), by Kenneth Blackwell and Harry Ruja. A less detailed listappears in Paul Arthur Schilpp, The Philosophy of BertrandRussell (1944).
Philosophical Essays by Bertrand Russell
Interestingly, throughout much of his life, Russell saw himselfprimarily as a writer rather than as a philosopher, listing“Author” as his profession on his passport. As he says inhis Autobiography, “I resolved not to adopt aprofession, but to devote myself to writing” (1967, 125). Uponbeing awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950, Russell used hisacceptance speech to emphasize themes relating to hissocial activism.
Philosophical Essays - Contents - Bertrand Russell
May 21, 2010 According to Bertrand Russell, the practical man is one who is primarily concerned with meeting immediate needs, doesn’t recognize the need for mental nourishment, and whose ideas are simply a product of the environment he lives in.
Bertrand Russell > By Individual Philosopher > Philosophy
In 1961, Russell was once again imprisoned, this time for a week inconnection with anti-nuclear protests. The media coverage surroundinghis conviction only served to enhance Russell’s reputation and tofurther inspire the many idealistic youths who were sympathetic to hisanti-war and anti-nuclear message. Beginning in 1963, he began work ona variety of additional issues, including lobbying on behalf ofpolitical prisoners under the auspices of the Bertrand Russell PeaceFoundation.
The Happy Man Summary By Bertrand Russell Free Essays
By any standard, Russell led an enormously full life. In addition tohis ground-breaking intellectual work in logic and analyticphilosophy, he involved himself for much of his life in politics. Asearly as 1904 he spoke out frequently in favour of internationalismand in 1907 he ran unsuccessfully for Parliament. Although he stood as anindependent, he endorsed the full 1907 Liberal platform. He alsoadvocated extending the franchise to women, provided that such a radicalpolitical change would be introduced only through constitutionally recognized means (Wood1957, 71). Three years later he published his Anti-SuffragistAnxieties (1910).