Laogai Research Foundation, “One Child Policy,”

 Wang Feng, 2005, Can China Afford One Child Policy?

Wang Feng, 2005, Can China Afford One Child Policy?

Despite rumors in early 2008 that the one-child policy would be overturned, in May of that year China's top population official said it would not be eliminated for at least a decade, when a large demographic wave of childbearing-age citizens is expected to ebb. For some Shanghai couples, at least, a small measure of change has come sooner.

Wang Feng, 2005, Can China Afford One Child Policy?

Wang Feng, 2005, Can China Afford One Child Policy?

A third development was the signing of an international peace treaty ending the civil war in Laos in July 1962. The agreement was welcomed across the world as a step toward reducing Cold War tensions. Along with de Gaulle, British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan helped to convince Kennedy that a negotiated solution in Laos was the most realistic option and would not hurt U.S. interests in the region. After conferring with Kennedy in March 1961, Macmillan wrote to de Gaulle: “I think that the President really accepts the necessity for a political solution if we can get one.” It took thirteen months of negotiations, but in the end, an agreement was signed by fourteen nations, including the belligerent parties in Laos and the governments of South Vietnam, North Vietnam, the United States, Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and China. Laos became a “neutral and independent” nation led by a coalition government under prime minister Souvanna Phouma, with power shared with the communist-led Pathet Lao. As the U.S. had been supporting anticommunist guerrillas in Laos since the late 1950s, approval of the treaty marked a significant change of policy.

Wang Feng, 2005, Can China Afford One Child Policy?

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, of which China is a signatory, celebrated its 60th Anniversary on December 10; 2008. China’s coercive enforcement of its One-Child Policy violates the spirit and the letter of this Universal Declaration, which protects the rights of women, children, and the family.

Wang Feng, 2005, Can China Afford One Child Policy?

China’s Missing Children | Foreign Policy

China's one-child policy has been somewhat relaxed in recent years. Couples can now apply to have a second child if their first child is a girl, or if both parents are themselves only-children.

One-Child Policy In China: Everything You Need To Know

“China will fully implement the policy of ‘one couple, two children’ in a proactive response to the issue of an aging population”, stated the Communist Party in October.

China's One-Child Policy: How It Started in the ..

In the late 1970s, the Chinese government introduced a number of measures to reduce the country's birth rate and slow the population growth rate. The most important of the new measures was a one-child policy, which decreed that couples in China could only have one child.

From One-Child Policy To Two In China - Business Insider

The “one-child” policy began in 1980 with the goal of reducing the burden of resources caused by the quickly expanding population in the country. Some flexibility was allowed in rural areas. The strict rule led to 400 million fewer births and helped millions raise its economical status due to the lighter demand on resources. Nevertheless, some experts believe China’s birthrate would have fallen without the policy because more women have been pushed into the workforce as a consequence of the country’s economic development and the improvement of education levels.

A Brief History of China's One-Child Policy - TIME

Restrictions started dropping in 2013, when the state authorized couples to have two children only if one of the parents was a single child. After the October announcement, William Nee, China Researcher at Amnesty International, warned in a statement that the new policy was “not enough”, since couples with two children could still be victims of intrusive forms of contraception and even mandatory abortions. This warning comes after decades of abuses when the state’s propaganda was not effective.

Essay on China's One Child Policy - 794 Words | Bartleby

But critics of the policy note its negative social consequences, particularly sex discrimination. With boys being viewed as culturally preferable, the practice of female infanticide — which had been common before 1949 but was largely eradicated by the 1950s — was resumed in some areas shortly after the one-child policy went into effect. The resulting gender imbalance widened after 1986, when ultrasound tests and abortions became easier to come by. China banned prenatal sex screening in 1994. Nonetheless, an April study published in the found China still has 32 million more boys than girls under the age of 20. The total number of young people is a problem as well; factories have reported youth-labor shortages in recent years, a problem that will only get worse. In 2007 there were six adults of working age for every retiree, but by 2040 that ratio is expected to drop to 2 to 1. Analysts fear that with too few children to care for them, China's elderly people will suffer neglect.