He got his answer; the world sat by in silence.
In the years that followed, Sparks sensed that the end of his career as an elite athlete was approaching. After a final nomadic 1975 season trouping around as a member of the International Track Association - "It was kinda like a traveling circus" - Sparks was facing a change. And he was ready. Well groomed during his apprenticeship as Costill's assistant, Dr. Sparks had the tools and the experience to continue human performance exploration in a laboratory of his own. And that he has done. Today he serves as the Director of the Human Performance Laboratory at Cleveland State University, working with athletes - of course - but also making contributions in the area of cardiovascular disease and research and development. And he still stays in contact with Dave Costill - nurturing a friendship with his mentor that spans over four decades. More recently, Sparks' lab has made contributions in addressing the dangerous issue of hypoxia in F22 fighter pilots - the onset of a crippling dizziness that impairs cognition. "We have collected the data here which has allowed the development of a sensor device that pilots wear on their mask now that can detect the approaching onset of hypoxia 30 seconds before it actually happens," Sparks explains. "We can now predict onset before it happens."
Hitler then permitted 936 Jews to leave Germany on the S.S.
As I got older some of the answers became more evident.
History, Part 2
When I was younger all 50 states criminalized same sex love making.
For Vin Lananna: Continued Creative Contributions. Lananna has been a creative contributor to the sport of track & field for many decades. Over that period, he has re-invented himself several times. Initially respected as a top flight coach with an eye for talent and the skill set to develop it, Lananna moved on to develop a larger vision of the sport - reinvigorating track & field programs at Stanford and then at Oregon. Far from done, he went on to create the current template for a successful and joyful Olympic Trials - a community-wide effort which creates an undistracted venue for superior athletic performance and a reunion-like atmosphere of celebration for those who love the sport. Track & field needs the visionary creativity of Lananna and those like him. Here's hoping Vin is inclined to find yet additional ways to provide his special brand of counsel to the track & field community.
Then it was a state by state struggle until in 2003 the U.S.
Supreme Court decriminalized same sex relations in all 50 states.
"Black Jack" Pershing