causes of the American Revolution ..

Essay Example On What Caused The American Revolution

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An expanded version was published as Bailyn, The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Also see the companion volume by Bailyn, The Origins of American Politics,which offered an excellent explanation for the British royal governorsbeing weak in the eighteenth century at the same time that the King wasdominant at home. A useful summary of the Bailyn thesis is provided byBailyn's "The Central Themes of the American Revolution: AnInterpretation," in S. Kurtz and J. Hutson, eds., Essays on the American Revolution. The scintillating writings of "Cato" have been collected in an excellently edited volume by David L. Jacobson, The English Libertation Heritage.

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Causes of American Revolution Essay - 887 Words | …

Neither did the "Consensus" school of historians, who becameascendant in the 1940s and 1950s. Just as the Progressives reflectedthe Marxian outlook of American intellectuals of the 1930s, so theConsensus school reflected the neo-Conservative "American celebration"that typified intellectuals in post-World War II America. The Consensushistorians were anxious to see consensus rather than conflict inAmerican history. And since both ideology and economic interests cancause conflicts, both were discarded as causal factors in the Americanpast. Instead, the Consensus school saw American history as guided notby "doctrinaire" ideas nor by economic interests but rather by aflexible, pragmatic, ad hoc approach to problem-solving. Since a revolution can hardly be a flexible approach to consensus, the American Revolution had to be writtenoff as a mere localized "conservative" resistance to the Britishgovernment. Furthermore, by deprecating the revolutionary nature of theAmerican Revolution, the Consensus school could isolate it from theindisputably radical French Revolution and other modern upheavals, andcontinue to denounce the latter as ideological and socially disruptivewhile seeming to embrace the founding heritage of America. The leadingConsensus historians were Daniel J. Boorstin and Clinton Rossiter. Onthe American Revolution, their works include: Boorstin, The Lost World of Thomas Jefferson and The Americans: The Colonial Experience; and Rossiter, Seedtime of the Republic: the Origins of the American Tradition of Political Liberty. Also in this school, stressing in particular the alleged "democracy" of the American colonies, is Robert E. Brown, Middle-Class Democracy and the Revolution in Massachusetts, 1691–1780.

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The protection of liberty and civic virtue empowered the Americans to consider disobedience against unjust laws, leading to the final outburst and immediate cause that triggered the revolution - .

Causes of the American Revolution - Essay


Major Causes of the French Revolution Essay

The result was a curious "left-right" agreement between theProgressives and the minority of American historians of the "Imperial"school. The latter maintained that the American Revolution was theresult of the unwarranted propaganda of sinister agitators whosucceeded in duping the masses to break their beneficent ties with theBritish Empire. The major works of the "Imperial" school are LawrenceH. Gipson, The British Empire Before the American Revolution, and George L. Beer, British Colonial Policy, 1754–1765.

Causes of the American Revolution Essay - 481 Words

The crucial breakout from the miasma of American historiography ofthe Revolution came from one man. He was able by sheer force ofscholarship to overthrow the Consensus and Progressive views and toestablish a new interpretation of the causes of the AmericanRevolution. This was Harvard Professor Bernard Bailyn, who, breakingthrough the hermetic separation of European and American historians,found his inspiration in the great work of Caroline Robbins, The Eighteenth Century Commonwealthman.For Bailyn realized that Professor Robbins had discovered the "missinglink" in the transmission of radical libertarian thought after JohnLocke. She had found it in a group of dedicated writers, inspired bythe English Revolution of the seventeenth century, who continued toreject the centrist Whig settlement of the eighteenth century. Thesewriters carried forward the ideals of natural rights and individualliberty. In the course of editing a volume of Revolutionary pamphlets,Bailyn discovered that Americans were indeed influenced, on a massivescale, by these libertarian articles and pamphlets. Many of thesepublications were reprinted widely in the American colonies, andclearly influenced the revolutionary leaders. The most important shaperof this libertarian viewpoint was Cato's Letters, a series ofnewspaper articles in England in the early 1720s written by JohnTrenchard and his young disciple Thomas Gordon. The collected Cato's Letters were republished many times in eighteenth century England and America.

Causes of the American Revolution Essay ..

An excellent corrective to this exclusive concentration on thesubjective is the work of the most important political (as contrastedto ideological) historians of the pre-Revolutionary period. In thedefinitive history of the Stamp Act crisis of 1765–1766, Edmund andHelen Morgan demonstrated the majority nature of the revolutionarymovement. They attacked, as well, the actual depredations of GreatBritain on American political and economic rights. Edmund and HelenMorgan, The Stamp Act Crisis: Prologue to Revolution. Also see the companion source book of documents, Edmund S. Morgan, ed., Prologue to Revolution: Sources and Documents on the Stamp Act Crisis, 1764–1766.Particularly important is the monumental and definitive, though denselywritten, two volume political history of the coming of the AmericanRevolution by Bernhard Knollenberg, Origins of the American Revolution: 1759–1765; and Growth of the American Revolution, 1766–1775. Byexamining British archives, Knollenberg shows that the supposedparanoia and "conspiracy theories" of the American colonists were alltoo accurate. The British officials were indeed conspiring to invadethe liberties of the American colonies after the "salutary neglect" ofthe pre-1763 period.