Lester B. Pearson Research Paper - 1001 Words
Diem’s repression reached a new low in the spring of 1963. On May 8, the 2,527th birthday of the Buddha, the GVN decided to enforce a law banning the display of any flag other than the national flag. It was clearly selective enforcement as Vatican flags blanketed the city of Hue where Diem’s brother, Archbishop Ngo Dinh Thuc, resided. As the Buddhist celebrated with their flags, Diem’s troops opened fire, killing nine people. Two days later, ten thousand Buddhists marched in protest. Diem responded by jailing leading Buddhist monks and placing armed guards around pagodas. On the morning of June 11, a sixty-six-year old Buddhist monk, Quang Duc, sat in the middle of a busy Saigon intersection and assumed a lotus posture. As other monks chanted nearby, two helpers doused the seated monk with gasoline. Quang Duc then lit a match and set himself on fire, sitting motionless and silent as the flames consumed him. The press had been alerted beforehand and photographs were taken. They appeared on the front pages of newspapers around the world the following day.
Lester Pearson :: essays research papers
The West is backing, with its eyes open … a reactionary police state. . . . The Asians are intelligent people, and well able to contrast the declaration of principles of . . . the United States, with the facts of the regime under which they live. No intelligent Vietnamese can fail to be cynical when he hears American professors lecturing of political freedom in one province, while Diem’s army and police are imprisoning thousands of suspected Communists without trial in another.
This occasioned Lester Pearson's greatest diplomatic achievement, for, in the proposal which brought him the Nobel Prize, he suggested that the French and English forces be replaced by a United Nations peacekeeping force.
Canadian History: Lester Bowles Pearson Essay - …
Until then there had been little discussion of
him in inner political circles, although there was a forlorn hope outside.
Pearson met Trudeau and conferred a qualified blessing on him, but he would have
to get elected first.
Lester B Pearson Essay Examples | Kibin
In fact, Johnson rejected a plethora of diplomatic initiatives during the month of February 1965. Appeals were made by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, Pakistani leader Mohammad Ayub Khan, Japanese Prime Minister Eisaku Sato, Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson, and French foreign minister Maurice Couve de Murville. British Prime Minister Harold Wilson issued a statement on February 8 backing U.S. air strikes against North Vietnam but also instructed his ambassador in Washington, Lord Harlech, to meet with administration officials and request a new Geneva conference. In Rome, Pope Paul VI called for a negotiated settlement to the war sponsored and guaranteed by the United Nations. On February 24, UN Secretary-General U Thant, having tried and failed to broker a peace agreement, appealed directly to the American people, suggesting that the Johnson administration had not been fully candid about its war plans and operations:
Lester B. Pearson - The Canadian Encyclopedia
He successfully stopped tension from escalating.
Achieved countless domestic successes and is regarded as a skillful international leader
Considered one of the most influential Canadians of the 20th centry
Born in Toronto in 1897 - nickname "Mike"
Studied at the University of Toronto and Oxford University
Joined Canada's Department of External Affairs
Participated in numerous conferences:
Hague Conference on International Law (1930)
Washington Naval Conference (1930)
Geneva World Disarmament Conference (1933-34)
London Naval Conference (1935)
Several League of Nations meetings
He headed the Canadian delegation at the United Nations from 1948 to 1956, and he was president of the UN General Assembly in 1952–53.
Ran for parliament, became leader of the Liberal Party
In 1963, became Prime Minister
Principle of "universality" - mandated equal access to government programs all Canadians, specifically, education, welfare and healthcare
Medicare universal in 1966
Canada Student Loans Program of 1964 - provide 60% of the assessed financial need
The Canada Pension Plan in 1965 - expanded pension benefits and improve old-age pension plan
The adoption of a new national flag in 1965 - emphasizes Pearson's focus on developing Canadian nationality
"Whether we live together in confidence and cohesion; with more faith and pride in ourselves and less self-doubt and hesitation; strong in the conviction that the destiny of Canada is to unite, not divide; sharing in cooperation, not in separation or in conflict; respecting our past and welcoming our future."
- Lester B.
Lester Bowles Pearson - Acceptance Speech - Nobel Prize
Dropped into war zones, without knowledge of the Vietnamese language and with little, if any, understanding of local culture, U.S. soldiers had problems distinguishing enemy from neutral from friend. They often became frustrated when making no contact with enemy soldiers for long periods, then seemingly out of the blue were interrupted by violent surprise attacks. Daily treks through insect-filled jungles in the heat and humidity also took a toll on GI nerves. In numerous documented cases, their frustrations were taken out on civilians. The approved routine of burning of huts, destruction of villages, and terrorizing of residents could and did lead to unauthorized sexual assaults, random shootings, and even massacres such as that in My Lai. Heonik Kwon lists thirteen large-scale massacres, including some by South Korean troops; Nick Turse, in Kill Anything That Moves, documents more. Even in villages with decent relations with local U.S. forces, other mobile U.S. forces were known to violently intervene.