The “Successful Failure” That Was Apollo 13 Essay | …

April 13: The US successfully launches Transit 1B, the first navigation satellite.

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“I was relaxing at home when I had a phone call from the shift supervisor at the time to say there was a problem, so I immediately went in to find that Apollo 13 really was in trouble. Next there was a call from the Network Manager in the United States to say they wanted two things immediately they wanted to activate the lines to Parkes, and the second one, which was a bit more difficult, was to get some kind of broadband communication between the and the . They wanted everything they could get.

The Apollo 13 crew arrive on the Iwo Jima. Photo courtesy of Kipp Teague’s .

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Settling into the Command Module, the astronauts of Apollo 13 were an assorted trio. Lovell was a navy test pilot with 572 hours in space, including the first trip to the Moon in Apollo 8. He had more time in space than any other human at the time. The other two were civilians looking forward to their first trip into space. Haise, a serious family man, had been a journalist turned naval aviator. He was recognised as a specialist on the Lunar Module, having spent fourteen months at Grumman, the factory building the spacecraft. He knew every switch, wire and connector in the spacecraft. Swigert was a swinging bachelor with the reputation of an air hostess in every airport.

Frames from Apollo 13 film and video selected and processed by CM with thanks to Mark Gray at .

“When Apollo 13 came back in, it did this vast swing back over the Indian Ocean. Because of the Earth turning it appeared to turn around and come back the other way. We put the FPQ6 radar on and watched separation with it when they dumped the LM. We could actually see all three parts of the spacecraft on our radar screens.”

In the Australian Senate, Apollo 13 caused enough concern to be raised as questions on April 15 and April 16. Senator Anderson,

Case study apollo 13 Essay - 2036 Words | Majortests

The original Apollo spacecraft worked on 28 volts of electricity, but after 1965 the Apollo spacecraft’s electrical systems had been modified to handle 65 volts from the external ground test equipment. Unfortunately Beech, the manufacturer of the tank, did not advise the manufacturer of the thermostat of the change, so the bi-metal thermostat switches installed in these tanks were still the 28 volt models, so when the heaters were switched on to boil the oxygen off after the CDDT test, the higher voltage caused arcing in the bi-metal thermostat and welded the contacts together. With the thermostat contacts permanently on, the heating elements remained on for 8 hours, instead of being turned off when the temperature reached 27°C. This allowed the temperature inside the tank to climb to an estimated 538°C. As the temperature gauge on the ground test panel only went to 29.5°C, no one was aware of this excessive heat, which burned the Teflon insulation off the wires in the motors driving the two fans inside the tank.

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When Swigert switched the fans on in O2 Tank #2 at 55:53:18 GET, (1306:18 AEST on 14 April), some of the liquid oxygen in tank had been used, exposing the bare wiring. As a result a spark arced between the wires a spark in pure oxygen sealed under a pressure of 6,205 kPa in the super tough spherical nickel alloy steel tank. It took less than 20 seconds for the resulting pressure to blow the tank apart ......... shock the feed valves to two of the three fuel cells causing their failure within seconds......wreck the adjacent equipment in Bay 4 of the Service Module ........ and blow the external side panel out....... which clipped the main antenna as it hurtled out into space. Langley Research Center estimated the explosion was equivalent to 3.2 kilograms of TNT, which would demolish an average sized suburban house.

Apollo 13 leadership essay for college - …

Hollywood loves strong leaders because they can tell great stories, and it is interesting to see how our society – through Hollywood – portrays leadership in different ways.Directions: View and analyze leadership as portrayed in a popular movie by applying two or more of the leadership theories and themes discussed in class.– Political Theory
– Trait Theory
– Behavioral Theory
– Chaos Theory
– Cognitive Theory
– Distributive Theoryo Movie: Apollo 13o View the movie.

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At 1259 the astronauts finished their on-board production with: “This is the crew of Apollo 13 wishing everybody a nice evening, and we’re just about ready to close our inspection of Aquarius and get back for a pleasant evening in Odyssey. Goodnight.”