4 agents of gender socialization essay - …
The second perspective points to cognitive development as a way to explain gender socialization, arguing that socialization occurs as children try to find patterns in the social and physical world. From this perspective, children’s earliest developmental task is to make sense of a seemingly chaotic world. As they observe and interact with their environment, they develop schema, or organizing categories. Because children rely on simple cues to understand the world and because there are clear differences in how women and men look and act, biological sex provides a useful schema.
13/09/2017 · 4 agents of gender socialization essay
The is like the theater or stage in which socializationoccurs. Social context includes culture, language, and social structures suchas the class, ethnic, and gender hierarchies of a society. Context alsoincludes social and historical events, power and control in social life, andthe people and institutions with individuals comein contact in the course of their socialization.
Newman discusses how children are socialized to fit gender norms through toys. Can you think of other ways gender socialization occurred in your childhood? Or, if you are a parent, in your children’s lives? Remember that you can be socialized not to conform as well as to conform, and that sometimes the individual resists socialization. Don’t forget the Baby X reading in answering this question.
Experiences of Gender Socialization - Essay by - Anti Essays
While Freud’s theory has been largely discredited, sociologists have drawn on it to extend psychoanalytical explanations of gender socialization. Nancy Chodorow (1978) drew on Marxist theory and psychoanalytic object-relations theory to argue that gender socialization processes are key for the reproduction of the capitalist economy. She argued that identification is more difficult for boys than for girls because boys need to psychologically separate themselves from their mothers and model their fathers, who are largely absent from the home as a result of the breadwinner-homemaker division of labor. This results in boys being much more emotionally detached than girls, who do not experience this psychological separation.
Gender Socialization :What is gender role socialization?
The most famous psychoanalytical explanation of gender socialization is Sigmund Freud’s identification theory. Freud argued that children pass through a series of stages in their personality development. During the first two stages (the oral and anal stages), boys and girls have similar behavior and experiences. Around age four, however, boys and girls become aware of their own genitals and that members of the opposite sex have different genitalia. It is during this phallic stage that children begin to identify and model their behavior after their same-sex parent, thus learning gender appropriate behavior, although this process differs for boys and girls.
Gender role socialization essays
While gender socialization is lifelong, many sociological theories focus on early childhood socialization. Four such perspectives are the psychoanalytical, cognitive development, social learning, and social interaction perspectives.
injustice essay Free gender socialization ..
As children grow up they develop a sense of who they are, how they should relate to others, and the role they play in a larger society. The lessons children learn and the processes through which cultural norms are passed from one generation to the next is known as socialization. The focus on gender socialization highlights that there are roles, or cultural expectations and norms, which are associated with each sex category (“male” or “female”). Sociologists make distinctions between sex and gender. While sex is based on biological categories, gender is the result of cultural processes that construct different social roles for men and women. Gender socialization, then, is the process through which boys and girls learn sex appropriate behavior, dress, personality characteristics, and demeanor.