JOHN BIRCH SOCIETY AND THE VIETNAM WAR
The complaint is brought on behalf of 12 torture victims -- 12 Iraqi citizens who were held at Abu Ghraib prison and one Guantanamo detainee -- and is being filed by the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR), the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), the Republican Attorneys' Association (RAV) and others..." (Posted 5/15/07)In "Jus Post Bellum: The Importance of War Crimes Trials," Perameters, August 2002, Davida Kellogg makes the case for post-war criminal justice on both retributive and forward-looking grounds: "Declining to do full justice for those who have been most grievously wronged by aggression, whether from without or within their national borders, leads to the perpetration of further moral injustice..." (Posted 5/15/07) Ernesto Verdeja's chapter on "Institutional Responses to Genocide and Mass Atrocity," from Genocide, War Crimes and the West: History and Complicity, Adam Jones (ed.), Zed Books, 2004, "discusses the normative underpinnings of tribunals and truth commissions" and "identifies factors that affect the viability of commissions and tribunals, and emphasizes the importance of contextual constraints on their implementation and use." (Posted 5/15/07)In "Universal Jurisdiction and the Dilemmas of International Criminal Justice: The Sabra and Shatila Case in Belgium," from Human Rights Advocacy Stories, Deena Hurwitz, Margaret L.
Lessons Of The Vietnam War: An Interview With Noam Chomsky
However, perplexing disparities started to arise. The American military was killing many enemy troops, but the North Vietnamese effort appeared stronger than ever. Journalists started to investigate and discovered the American military was lying about the body counts and that the war was not going well for the United States.
Thomas Johnson, American Cryptology during the Cold War, 1945-1989: Book II, part II, p. 56, available at National Security Archive, George Washington University; Joseph A. Fry, Debating Vietnam: Fulbright, Stennis, and Their Senate Hearings (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2006), p. 143; and Appy, Patriots, p. 214.
Vietnam Armed Forces Honor MedalDisplay Recognition and Hardware
Charles DeBenedetti, “On the Significance of Citizen Peace Activism: America, 1961-1975, in Walter L. Hixson, ed., The Vietnam Antiwar Movement (New York: Garland, 2000), p. 46.
Vietnam Cross of Gallantry MedalDisplay Recognition and Hardware
Milton S. Katz, “Peace Liberals and Vietnam: SANE and the Politics of ‘Responsible’ Protest,’” in Walter L. Hixson, ed., The Vietnam Antiwar Movement (New York: Garland, 2000), pp. 65-66.
Vietnam Naval Service MedalDisplay Recognition and Hardware
There is a large body of literature on the American peace movement. For a quick reference guide, see Charles F. Howlett, “American Peace History since the Vietnam War,” Perspectives on History (State of the Field), December 2010, .
Vietnam Pathfinder BadgeDisplay Recognition and Hardware
Robert R. Tomes, Apocalypse Then: American Intellectuals and the Vietnam War, 1954-1975 (New York: New York University Press, 1998), pp. 152-53.
VIETNAM WAR AND VIETNAM BY NGUYEN BA CHUNG
Adam Fairclough, “Martin Luther King, Jr. and the War in Vietnam,” Phylon, Vol. 45, No. 1 (1984), p. 29; David J. Garrow, “When Dr. King Came Out Against Vietnam,” New York Times, April 4, 2017, p. A25; and Wells, The War Within, p. 131.
VIETNAM WAR DOCUMENTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS
Mary Hershberger, Traveling to Vietnam: American Peace Activists and the War (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1998), pp. 2-3.