The Civil War and the Institution of Slavery
Underneath everything there was the fact that the Civil War was a modern war; an all- out war, as that generation understood the concept, in which everything that a nation has and does must be listed with its assets or its debits. Military striking oiwer in such a war is finally supported, conditioned, and limited by the physical scope and citalirt of the basic economy. Simple valor and devotion can never be enough to win, if the war once develops pasts its opening stages. And for such a war the North was prepared and the south was not prepared; prepared, nor in the sense that it was ready for the War—Neither side was in the least ready—but in the resources which were at its disposal. The North could win a modern war and the south could not. Clinging to a society based on the completely archaic institution of slavery, the South for a whole generation had been marking a valiant attempt to reject the industrial revolution, and this attempt had involved it at last in a war in which the industrial revolution would be the decisive factor. (States, p.98)
This separation caused what was known as the Civil War.
It was January 1, 1863—nearly a century and a half ago. The Civil War was still raging, claiming countless casualties on both sides, almost every day. But even in war-obsessed Washington, D.C., New Year's remained a traditional day of celebration, a day to look to the future, not the bloody past.
Normal political life also came to a halt in the South during the war. There was no two-party system as in the North. There was only one all-inclusive ruling, but unruly,”government- party.” Within the confederacy there were people who opposed Davis’ conduct of the war. They spoke their minds freely. Yet the demands of fighting a separatist revolt prevented any change in government. The war not only changed master-slave relations and Southern politics. It also altered the southern economy. The cherished doctrine of states’ rights received rough treatment at the hands of confederate leaders. These men were determined to assume every power they needed to wage war. The Confederacy did more than seize slaves for war work. It closely regulated foreign commerce. It confiscated food and equipment from private farms for the army. It created government-run industries to produced military equipments. And it tightly controlled what was left of the private enterprise. (Nortn,p. 97)
Slavery caused the Civil War essays
There was another movement (more liberal) that also was against slavery, but in contrast to the abolitionists it supported the idea of gradual slavery cessation. In the presidential election of 1860, Abraham Lincoln ran on a Republican platform of resistance to the expansion of slavery, and was elected with a narrow margin in the popular vote (Harpen R., Dal Lago E., p. 345). Proclamation of Lincoln’s course against slavery was the last straw, which caused Northern states to secede from the Union and unleash Civil War. The opening shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter, facing Charleston: on April 12 (1861), southern soldiers attacked the federal garrison, and two days later the fort surrendered (Harpen R., Dal Lago E., p. 345). Although there may be other causes of Civil War, we can see that slavery was the primary one.
Civil war and slavery Essay - Paper Topics
On July 22 1863 Lincoln drafted an Emancipation Proclamation, according to which all slaves in areas under Confederate control would be proclaimed free on January I, 1863 … thus he permanently changed the nature and scope of the Civil War (Harpen R., Dal Lago E., p. 378). After Emancipation Proclamation northern forces mobilized blacks and organized separate black troops.
Slavery And The American Civil War Essay - …
In the months preceding the attack on Fort Sumter, there were a number of major efforts inside and outside Congress to forge a compromise that would avert war. President-Elect Lincoln was willing to compromise, but not if it required the Republican Party to retreat from its commitment to blocking the expansion of slavery.
Essay about Slavery -- American History, Civil War
Both the Union and the Confederacy expected a quick victory. Both sides felt that they possessed many advantages. The Confederacy could point to the dependence of foreign economies on Southern cotton; the superior training of Southern generals; the fact that many white Southerners were familiar with horses and firearms; and the fact that South only had to wage a defensive war. The North, in turn, could point to its overwhelming superiority in industrial production and manpower.