Effects of Culture in Business Communication Essay …
In this course, Kelley School of Business professor and executive coach Tatiana Kolovou demonstrates simple techniques to communicate well across cultures as a manager, peer, and coworker.
How does culture effect business communication in the workplace
Second are "behavior constraints." Each culture has its own rules aboutproper behavior which affect verbal and nonverbal communication. Whether one looks theother person in the eye-or not; whether one says what one means overtly or talks aroundthe issue; how close the people stand to each other when they are talking--all of theseand many more are rules of politeness which differ from culture to culture.
If the avant-garde imitates the processes of art, kitsch, wenow see, imitates its effects. The neatness of this antithesisis more than contrived; it corresponds to and defines the tremendousinterval that separates from each other two such simultaneouscultural phenomena as the avant-garde and kitsch. This interval,too great to be closed by all the infinite gradations of popularized"modernism" and "modernistic" kitsch, correspondsin turn to a social interval, a social interval that has alwaysexisted in formal culture, as elsewhere in civilized society,and whose two termini converge and diverge in fixed relation tothe increasing or decreasing stability of the given society. Therehas always been on one side the minority of the powerful -- andtherefore the cultivated -- and on the other the great mass ofthe exploited and poor -- and therefore the ignorant. Formal culturehas always belonged to the first, while the last have had to contentthemselves with folk or rudimentary culture, or kitsch.
Custom Culture and Communication essay paper …
The avant-garde's specialization of itself, the fact that itsbest artists are artists' artists, its best poets, poets' poets,has estranged a great many of those who were capable formerlyof enjoying and appreciating ambitious art and literature, butwho are now unwilling or unable to acquire an initiation intotheir craft secrets. The masses have always remained more or lessindifferent to culture in the process of development. But todaysuch culture is being abandoned by those to whom it actually belongs-- our ruling class. For it is to the latter that the avant-gardebelongs. No culture can develop without a social basis, withouta source of stable income. And in the case of the avant-garde,this was provided by an elite among the ruling class of that societyfrom which it assumed itself to be cut off, but to which it hasalways remained attached by an umbilical cord of gold. The paradoxis real. And now this elite is rapidly shrinking. Since the avant-gardeforms the only living culture we now have, the survival in thenear future of culture in general is thus threatened.
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Because it can be turned out mechanically, kitsch has becomean integral part of our productive system in a way in which trueculture could never be, except accidentally. It has been capitalizedat a tremendous investment which must show commensurate returns;it is compelled to extend as well as to keep its markets. Whileit is essentially its own salesman, a great sales apparatus hasnevertheless been created for it, which brings pressure to bearon every member of society. Traps are laid even in those areas,so to speak, that are the preserves of genuine culture. It isnot enough today, in a country like ours, to have an inclinationtowards the latter; one must have a true passion for it that willgive him the power to resist the faked article that surroundsand presses in on him from the moment he is old enough to lookat the funny papers. Kitsch is deceptive. It has many differentlevels, and some of them are high enough to be dangerous to thenaive seeker of true light. A magazine like the ,which is fundamentally high-class kitsch for the luxury trade,converts and waters down a great deal of avant-garde materialfor its own uses. Nor is every single item of kitsch altogetherworthless. Now and then it produces something of merit, somethingthat has an authentic folk flavor; and these accidental and isolatedinstances have fooled people who should know better.