Oppression has always been evident within society throughout history.
Dystopia is a very interesting genre, which demonstrates human negative sides and weaknesses. Every author shows that it is easy to build a totalitarian state but it is difficult to change your worldview and to start thinking critically. Every dystopian book is based on the description of a ‘new world’ or an alternate reality and the main character who tries to change his environment and struggles against the standards of life, which exist in his society.
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To begin with, I would like to focus on Brave New World written by Aldous Huxley in 1932. The author described his own vision of the alternate society, which is based on the achievements of science and technology. This society is happy, harmonious and humane. Unfortunately, the members of this society do not possess any human qualities. Firstly, they are reproduced artificially in the special centers. Natural reproduction, emotions and individualism are abolished. People are divided into several castes. There are unintelligent servants and intelligent Alphas who ‘rule the world’. Every human being knows his definite place in this society. Happiness is maintained with the help of the encouragement of recreational sex and hallucinogenic drugs. People do not have families, children and any romantic feelings. They live for work, material values and pleasure. People have artificial happiness but they do not possess the freedom of choice.
Dystopias are also written to put a satiric view on prevailing trends of society that are extrapolated in a ghoulish denouement, as in the case of the dystopian film Never Let Me Go directed by Mark Romanek....
Dystopian Society Essay - 544 Words - StudyMode
Lord of the Flies, with its dystopian and speculative characteristics, established Golding as a solid author with an interest in the science-fiction literary genre that was popular in the 1950s. The novel depicts ostensibly realistic characters, but the plot, which follows a small group of humans isolated within an alien landscape, employs or alludes to the conventions of popular science fiction novels of the time. Golding's subsequent works saw him moving even further into the science fiction genre. The Inheritors, heavily influenced by H. G. Wells's Outline of History, imagines life during the dawn of man and is considered a modern classic of speculative fiction.
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Lord of the Flies was not an instant success, selling fewer than 3,000 copies before going out of print in 1955. Shortly thereafter, however, the novel became a bestseller among American and British readers who, as the arms race intensified, likely saw in Golding's wartime dystopia a grim prediction of their own future. By the 1960s the novel was required reading for many high school and college courses, where it has remained to the present day. The enduring popularity of the novel inspired two film adaptations, one by Peter Brook in 1963, and the second by Harry Hook in 1990. Golding's original novel, however, remains the best-known version of the tale. In 2005, Time Magazine named the novel one of the 100 best English-language novels since 1923.
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Utopia is described as a place, state, or condition that is ideally perfect in respect of politics, laws, customs, and conditions while a dystopia, or a negative utopia, is a society characterized as an illusion of a perfect society maintained through oppressive societal control, in which exploits into an exaggerated worst-case scenario.
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Brave New World tells the story of a society where there is nothing but happiness, just like a utopia, but it is considered a dystopian setting by the modern society.