Literary Criticism - Shaw's Pygmalion
However the studies supporting labelling theory have also beencriticised on the methodological grounds that they may be based upon small and thereforenot necessarily representative samples; that researchers' reliance on observationalmethods may undermine the studies' reliability and validity and that they sometimes [butnot always] present a rather passive description of the individual who is assumed toaccept the labels applied to him/her with little criticism.
Essays and criticism on George Shaw Bernard - Critical Essays
However critics argue that these reports and the resultant allocations of pupils to ability groupings may have been neither accurate nor fair because many teachersoperate with a concept of the "ideal pupil" who has primarily middle classcharacteristics so that working class students are more likely to be assessed reported upon and allocated to lowersets not on the basis of their ability or potential but because of their known social background, appearance,behaviour or language style. Also whereas working class parents may for a variety of reasons be relatively likely to accept the allocation of their children to lower sets in the belief that "teachers know best" middle class parents might be more likely tocomplain if their children are allocated to lower sets and to pressurise teachers to evaluate their children more positively.
for BBC article ; "Should young children be grouped by ability?" and for Guardian coverage and for TES coverage and for the full study from NEU/ UCL for detailed coverage of Pygmalion in the Classroom for detailed article by Professor Becky Francis and colleagues: Ability Grouping as Self-fulfilling Prophecy? for article By Mary- Claire Travers on streaming and white working class pupils for detailed article by Amelia Hempel Jorgensen for a summary of a recent presentation by Professor Becky Francis which also contains a further link to the slides accompanying the presentation.