Essay on Marx and the Bourgeoisie - 1910 Words
Three children are born in France. One, Rene, is the son ofstruggling farmers. One, Janine, a daughter of proletarians. The third son,Jean, is born in a manor house to wealthy bourgeois. These children grow up,are educated, find occupations often against the will of their parents, andenter relationships. They don't much think of themselves as laboratory rats,but they might be surprised how consistently their behavior is consistent withthe involuntary responses of a rat. This observation is not intend as an insultto them, or to the rat.
Bourgeois vs. Proletarians - Essay by Jasper95
In Chapter 2, "Proletariats and Communists," Marx elaborates the social changes communists hope to effect on behalf of the proletariat. Marx notes firstly that the interests of communists do not differ from the interests of the proletariat as a class; they seek only to develop a class consciousness in the proletariat, a necessary condition of eventual proletariat emancipation. The primary objective of communists and the revolutionary proletariat is the abolition of private property, for it is this that keeps them enslaved. Bourgeois economics, i.e., capitalism, requires that the owners of the means of production compensate workers only enough to ensure their mere physical subsistence and reproduction. In other words, the existence of bourgeois property, or capital as Marx calls it, relies on its radically unequal distribution. The only way the proletariat can free itself from bourgeois exploitation is to abolish capitalism. In achieving this goal, the proletariat will destroy all remnants of bourgeois culture which act to perpetuate, if even implicitly, their misery. This includes family organization, religion, morality, jurisprudence, etc. Culture is but the result of specific material/economic conditions and has no life independent of these. The result of this struggle will be "an association in which the free development of each is the condition for the development of all" (104).
This paper analyzes the critical role of aristocracy in Georges Bataille’s 1928 short novel, Story of the Eye. It begins by examining several of his interwar articles, highlighting the centrality of figures like the Marquis de Sade, medieval knights, and Nietzsche’s noble masters in Bataille’s critiques of bourgeois capitalism, nationalism, and fascism. The paper goes on to demonstrate that aristocratic elements introduce these same critiques into Story of the Eye. Considering manuscript variants as well as the first published edition of the book, the paper recovers allusions to contemporary socio-political issues of interest to Bataille at the time, including the conditions for proletarian revolution and the rising pressures of far-right ideologies in France and across Europe. Finally, it addresses the distinction between Bataille’s explicitly political writings and his literary texts, arguing that the ironic and tragic representation of aristocracy in Bataille’s early fictional work helps him create a writing practice that engages in socio-political critique while avoiding some of the polemics and pitfalls of interwar intellectual discourse.
Communist Manifesto Summary | GradeSaver
Both forms of Marxism have their roots in 18th proto-Marxist masonic circles that were responsible for the collapse of Aristocratic power by the end of the 18th century and the rise of the bourgeois corporate elite as the new rulers, using the proletarian masses as cannon fodder in their “American” and “French” revolutions.