To conquer fear is the beginning of wisdom.” –Bertrand Russell.

Bertrand Russell was born in 1872 in Wales, England as a member of a famous British family.

Bertrand Russell > By Individual Philosopher > Philosophy

For a chronology of Russell’s major publications, readers areencouraged to consult the section of the Bibliography below. For a complete, descriptivebibliography, see A Bibliography of Bertrand Russell (3vols, 1994), by Kenneth Blackwell and Harry Ruja. A less detailed listappears in Paul Arthur Schilpp, The Philosophy of BertrandRussell (1944).

In particular, I will explain William Paley's view supporting the design argument and Bertrand Russell's view against the design argument.

SparkNotes: Bertrand Russell (1872–1970): Our …

By any standard, Russell led an enormously full life. In addition tohis ground-breaking intellectual work in logic and analyticphilosophy, he involved himself for much of his life in politics. Asearly as 1904 he spoke out frequently in favour of internationalismand in 1907 he ran unsuccessfully for Parliament. Although he stood as anindependent, he endorsed the full 1907 Liberal platform. He alsoadvocated extending the franchise to women, provided that such a radicalpolitical change would be introduced only through constitutionally recognized means (Wood1957, 71). Three years later he published his Anti-SuffragistAnxieties (1910).

Bertrand Russell highlights three reasons why society is reluctant to the changes put forth by innovators.

Unlike Russell’s views about the importance of education, the preciseconnection between Russell’s political activism and his moretheoretical work has been more controversial. In part, this has beenbecause Russell himself repeatedly maintained that he saw nosignificant connection between his philosophical work and hispolitical activism. Others have seen things differently. One of thebest summaries is given by Alan Wood:

Mihayli Csikszentmihalyi and Bertrand Russell both believe that work is good and can be beneficial and enjoyable....


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Written some fifty years ago, here is a more damning indictment of modern society than anything the existential crowd of Bertrand Russell, Albert Camus or Jean Paul Sartre could cook up.

Bertrand Russell on the Fear of Death | Quotes at …

- Bertrand Russell, The Problems of Philosophy In everyday life people distinguish between the real size of the sun and the size it appears to be, between the natural components of a cloud (a concentration of water droplets) and what the cloud seems to be (some fleecy...

Bertrand Russell on the Fear of Death ..

Bertrand Russell’s essay, “Individual liberty and Public Control,” supports this idea by suggesting that all societies are quick to judge and immediately reject any change that makes itself present in the community.

Bertrand Russell on Immortality But in the present ..

More than any of his other books, it was Russell’s writings in ethicsand politics that brought him to the attention of non-academicaudiences. His most influential books on these topics include hisPrinciples of Social Reconstruction (1916), OnEducation (1926), Why I Am Not a Christian(1927c), Marriage and Morals (1929), The Conquest ofHappiness (1930), The Scientific Outlook (1931),and Power: A New Social Analysis (1938).

Bertrand Russell (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

It is in this context that Russell also introduces his famousdistinction between two kinds of knowledge of truths: that which isdirect, intuitive, certain and infallible, and that which is indirect,derivative, uncertain and open to error (1905, 41f; 1911, 1912, and1914b). To be justified, every indirect knowledge claim must becapable of being derived from more fundamental, direct or intuitiveknowledge claims. The kinds of truths that are capable of being knowndirectly include both truths about immediate facts of sensation andtruths of logic. Examples are discussed in TheProblems of Philosophy (1912a) where Russell states thatpropositions with the highest degree of self-evidence (what he herecalls “intuitive knowledge”) include “those whichmerely state what is given in sense, and also certain abstract logicaland arithmetical principles, and (though with less certainty) someethical propositions” (1912a, 109).

Bertrand Arthur William Russell ..

These are, “…the instinct of conventionality…the feeling of insecurity…that vested interests are bound up with old beliefs…” these ideas are all present in the play, Julius Caesar (Bertrand Russell 1).