AP World History Essay Questions pdf
After I first published this essay in September 2014, I read Paul Boyer's , which surveyed the reactions of Americans to dropping atom bombs on Japan. I read it in relation to my studies regarding the , but what struck me was how similar the reactions to the bombs were to how people view FE today. The primary difference, of course, is that everybody acknowledges that nuclear bombs exist and have been used, while almost nobody acknowledges today that FE technology exists, through , , or . Another obvious difference is that the first use of atomic energy was vaporizing a couple of cities. While the initial American reaction was celebratory and euphoric, it quickly became evident that the USA would not hold a monopoly on nuclear weapons forever, and fears of nuclear attack became part of the fabric of American consciousness, and by 1946, nearly half of Americans were amenable to the idea of a world government that could prevent a nuclear holocaust.
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We won the war because we would rather die than live in slavery. Our history proves this. Our deepest aspiration has always been self-determination…. History is not made with “ifs,” but if American leaders had been wiser I think we could have been spared the war. In my opinion, the Vietnam War was not in the American interest. It was a big mistake. U.S. expenditures were vast, and for the Vietnamese people, casualties were enormous. The Americans inflicted insane atrocities. The My Lai massacre was just an example…. Perhaps the American people know this already, but they need to be told again and understand more.
In 508 BCE, Athens entered its classical period, which lasted for nearly two centuries. In those two centuries, so much was invented by Greek philosophers and proto-scientists that it has been studied by scholars for thousands of years. One provocative question that scholars have posed is why the Industrial Revolution did not begin with the Greeks. The answer seems to be along the lines of Classic Greeks not having the social organization or sufficient history of technological innovation before wars and environmental destruction ended the Greek experiment. The achievements of Greece over the millennium of their intellectual fecundity are far too many to explore in this essay, but briefly, the Greeks invented: , , , the , a monetized economy, thought, such as , while developing other branches to unprecedented sophistication, and , which included the idea that . Long after the Classic Greek period was over, Hellenic intellectuals and inventors kept making innovations that had major impacts on later civilizations, such as Heron of Alexandria (or some other Greeks) inventing the and .
Mr. Hoge and Dr. Ruther's AP World History Class
Although Enlightenment philosophers acknowledged their debt to Newton (the world’s most towering intellectual of his time and one of history’s greatest scientists and mathematicians), he saw nothing improper with the slave trade and in 1720. When machines began reproducing human labor, the abolition of slavery also began, as it made unskilled labor uneconomical. Slavery, particularly the genocidal forms inflicted by Europe, were viable only for situations in which little professional skill was needed. Slavery worked best in mine and plantation work that used illiterate and often-expendable people. What became the USA was unique in the European age of slavery, in that tobacco operations, unlike sugar plantations, had more seasonal labor demands. Moreover, the environment of southeast North America was conducive to long-lived and fertile slaves, so that they could reproduce. Consequently, what became the USA was a , with its large slave population largely bred, not captured. People born into slavery are easier to keep enslaved than those born free, but they had to be kept illiterate and at low skill levels, or else they might desire freedom and obtain it. Late in the American era of slavery, some slaves were taught to read, but generally only one book, which justified slavery: the Bible. All the way to , apologists for slavery used Biblical passages to justify it. Many also justified antebellum slavery with economic arguments, stating that people took better care of something they owned rather than something they rented.
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When and the wiped out nearly everything, long years of evolution on separate continents came to an end when one supercontinent formed and became Earth’s dominant land animal for a brief time. The was another example of merging continents spelling the extinction of less adaptable species. Some have argued that the biological effect of Europe’s conquest of the world was like continents merging,