Communication And Meaning An Essay In Applied Modal Logic
An accessible introduction to modal notions, very elementary modal logic, and the possible worlds semantics. Contains discussions of foundational issues, including Quinean modal skepticism and the nature of possible worlds. Defends a linguistic approach to possible worlds as more promising than alternatives.
An essay in natural modal logic [microform] - …
Leech’s 11 modal meanings: (i) possibility (theoretical, factual), (ii) ability, (iii) permission, (iv) exclamatory wish, (v) obligation/requirement, (vi) rules and regulations, (vii) logical necessity, (viii) prediction/predictability, (ix) willingness (weak volition), (x) intention (intermediate volition), (xi) insistence (strong volition) (Leech 1971/1987: 73-104).
Ruthrof (1991) sees modality as ‘the structurable field of the manners of speaking underlying all utterances’ (this he also calls ). This might be linked with ideas of perspective or style (cf. Saukkonen 1991).For Bybee & Fleischman (1995: 2), 'Modality… is the semantic domain pertaining to elements of meaning that languages express. It covers a broad range of semantic nuances - jussive, desiderative, intentive, hypothetical, potential, obligative, dubitative, hortatory, exclamative, etc. - whose common denominator is the addition of a supplement or overlay of meaning to the most neutral semantic value of the proposition of an utterance, namely factual and declarative' Modality can be expressed in various ways, 'morphological, lexical, syntactic, or via intonation' (ib.).For Schneider (1999: 13) and Bybee (1985), modality (more clearly revealed in main clauses) consists of (i) speech acts (orders and wishes, i.e. deontic modality), and (ii) attitudes to truth-content of the sentence (i.e. epistemic modality). Modality is indicated by various means (subjunctive, modal verbs, parenthetical verbs, sentence adverbials, matrix verbs), but some of these (subjunctive, modal verbs) can also be found in object clauses with a merely syntactic function (cf Schneider 1999 ch. 1). modal logic: has to do with the notions of possibility and necessity; epistemic modality has to do with possibility/necessity of the truth of a proposition (involved with knowledge and belief); deontic modality has to do with possibility/necessity of acts performed by morally responsible agents (involved with the social functions of permission and obligation).
Communication and Meaning : An Essay in Applied Modal Logic (A
Aimed at advanced undergraduates and postgraduates. A quite gentle but thorough introduction to modal discourse and logics. Heavy emphasis on the possible worlds semantics. Chapters on epistemic, doxastic, and temporal logics, metaphysics, and impossible worlds.
Advances in Modal Logic96 - ResearchGate
An introductory survey essay covering kinds and sources of necessity, possible worlds and modal logic, possible worlds and metaphysics, fictionalism, modalism, and warrant for metaphysical claims. Ten-volume e-book.
Completeness in modal logic Enqvist, Sebastian
Provides the logical background for modal metaphysics. Discusses the modal de re/de dicto distinction and offers a modal theory of essential properties for sets, organisms, artifacts, substances, and events. The work ends with a conceptualist account of modality.
CiNii Books - An essay in classical modal logic
(i)-(v) are deontic, (vi)-(vii) dynamic, and (viii)-(xii) epistemic. core meaning vs periphery: a distinction made by Coates (1983); periphery meaning is dependent on context. This might be correlated with Leech's distinction (1987: 71) between 'logical element of meaning' and the 'practical (or pragmatic) element of meaning' of the modal auxiliaries.
04/08/2016 · An essay in classical modal logic
The problems of modality––the modes of being or modes of truth––have a long history, stretching back at least as far as the Greeks. Over time, philosophers have distinguished families of modality: logical, metaphysical, natural, temporal, deontic, epistemic, doxastic, and dynamic. Treatments of these modes have been both formal and philosophical. This entry emphasizes the philosophical and the metaphysical, beginning with more “traditional” approaches (, , and ) before moving on to what many see as a definite step forward in understanding modality () and the specifics of that framework (). In reaction, there have been attempts to join aspects of traditional thought about modality with that advance ( generally and more specific versions with and ). Metaphysical issues are intertwined with issues of expressibility (, ), which are sometimes thought to track metaphysical issues () and whether there is a well-behaved modality that must be acknowledged or assumed and whether the most fundamental modality is metaphysically innocent (). Finally, there is notable recent work on the epistemology of modality ().